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Llamas guarding sheep? Not such a far-fetched idea By Karen McGeorge Sanders Issue 19

Llamas guarding sheep?
Not such a far-fetched idea

by Karen McGeorge Sanders

It seems that farmers always need an extra pair of hands,
but finding the money to pay the extra help is often impossible. You
need the help to make money, but you need money to pay the help. Faced
with this problem when they added a few head of sheep to their operation,
Joy and Brent Crawford, a Montana ranching couple, found a unique

Lightning, a young llama, takes a break from the sheep to say hello to dog Brandy
(Photo by John & Karen Northey)

The need for more help occurred when Joy Crawford decided to add a
little more diversity to the family’s cattle and wheat ranch by running
a small herd of sheep. Although the sheep were kept in pastures close
to the ranch house, coyotes were still a problem. There weren’t enough
sheep to justify the hiring of a sheepherder, and the dogs weren’t
able to stay with the sheep 24 hours a day. What they needed was a
guardian to live with the sheep that didn’t require a paycheck.

After a long search, Joy found the solution to her problem in the
form of a llama gelding named Gus. Waking or sleeping, Gus spends
all his time with his woolly charges. An aggressive guardian of his
flock, Gus frightens off predators and strange humans with a noisy
combination of stomping hooves, blowing nostrils, and the famous llama
spitting. Lastly, Gus’s pay is easy on a farmer’s wallet. The gelding’s
price was less than what it would cost to hire a sheepherder for a
month, and Gus’s only upkeep expenses are food and an occasional vet

Of course, using a llama to guard sheep, instead of the more conventional
dog or human, makes for some interesting adjustments. For instance,
Brent and Joy have to make sure all gates are securely latched as
Gus has shown a talent for finding open gates and leading his flock
into new pastures.

Gus’s alertness and intelligence is also in evidence at sheep shearing
time. Although llama wool is quite valuable, Joy generally doesn’t
shear Gus but simply separates him from his charges before the shearing
begins. Then as each sheep returns to the herd, Gus finds it necessary
to sniff his newly shorn companion from head to toe. Joy says, “It’s
as if he’s trying to figure out what in the world happened to his

Single gelding works best

For the purpose of guarding sheep, Joy has found that a single gelding
works best. Two llamas will keep each other company and ignore the
sheep, plus geldings are cheaper to purchase than breeding stock and
don’t try to mate with the sheep. Although it is possible to train
llamas to guard sheep, Joy has found that Gus’s natural desire for
companionship has made schooling unnecessary. Other than halter breaking,
Gus has been left wild, so as to encourage him to bond with the sheep
instead of humans. Also, it is necessary to keep Gus and his flock
in close to the house so that the Crawfords and their dogs can hear
Gus warn of any danger. Although Gus is an excellent “watch llama,”
he can not be expected to protect the sheep against some of the more
dangerous predators that might threaten the herd.

Glenn, a guard llama, watches over his flock
(Photo by Robert McGeorge)

“Not every llama makes a good sheep guard. In my experience, only
about 50% of the geldings tried make it as guard llamas,” says Cy
Colarchik of Belt, Montana who uses his llama Glenn to guard a herd
of about 100 sheep. He offers the following hints to give your guard
llama the best chance of success:

Don’t make your llama a pet. Allow it to focus its attention on the

A herd of sheep that stays together offers the best chance of success
for a guard llama. Otherwise the llama is forced to choose one group
of sheep and ignore the others roaming about the pasture.

The International Llama Association says that llamas live approximately
15-29 years and that geldings cost between $500 to $2,500 depending
on area and age. For more information or the names of llama breeders
in your area contact the International Llama Association at: P.O.
Box 37505, Denver, Colorado 80237, (303) 756-9004.
Extra hands are hard to find. So, if you find yourself with a herd
of sheep that need watching, you might want to consider some helping
hooves, llama style.