Click here to ask Jackie a question!
Jackie Clay answers questions for BHM Subscribers & Customers
on any aspect of low-tech, self-reliant living.
Read the old Ask Jackie Online columns
Read Ask Jackie print columns
Archive for the ‘Cooking/Recipes’ Category
Sunday, February 23rd, 2014
I recently got a deal on canned ham; can I re-can this into glass jars? If so, how? Also, have you ever made carrot kraut? How?
Linconton, North Carolina
You bet you can re-can canned hams. You’ll just can the ham up as if it were fresh ham with the processing time (75 minutes for pints or half-pints; 90 minutes for quarts). The broth can be either boiling water or ham-flavored dry soup base in water, according to directions.
No, I haven’t made carrot kraut. But I did find this recipe for you on www.culturesforhealth.com.
4 cups grated carrots
1 Tbsp. fresh grated ginger root
1 Tbsp. sea salt (or 2 if not using whey)
4 Tbsp. whey (optional)
1. Grate carrots using the larger hole setting on either a box grater or your food processor.
2. In a medium-size bowl mix grated carrots, grated ginger, sea salt, and whey (if using). Once all ingredients are evenly distributed move them to a quart-size canning jar or other non-reactive fermenting vessel.
3. Press mixture down tightly into vessel with either a wooden utensil or your fist. Be sure to pack them down tightly enough that the liquid (brine) covers the shredded carrots.
4. Seal with a lid and allow to ferment at a cool room temperature (60° to 75°F degrees being optimal) for 5 to 10 days or until bubbly and tangy to your liking.
5. Move jar to cold storage.
Carrots are often added to regular sauerkraut making a different tasting and appearing kraut, as are caraway seeds and ginger. Variety is so nice! — Jackie
Dehydrated tomatoes for spaghetti sauce
I have seen lately on blogs and facebook that folks are using dehydrated tomato skins to thicken up their spaghetti sauce to cut down on the amount of time it takes to cook down. Have you ever tried this method? How did it taste? If you wanted to use this method and can the sauce, would it be safe to can if you did not thicken it too much? Would you use the same times and methods as canning regular spaghetti sauce?
I’ve added sliced dehydrated whole tomatoes to spaghetti sauce but I really can’t say I like the result as well or better than reducing the puree by either cooking it (I use a turkey roaster in my oven at its lowest setting overnight; some folks use a crock pot on their counter) or by simmering on the stovetop. Last year, I reduced the liquid first by putting my whole and quartered tomatoes in my Mehu Liisa steam juicer first, draining off the tomato broth (it’s watery looking but makes great soup base) then running the tomatoes through my Victorio tomato strainer. The puree was MUCH thicker. And of course, if you use meaty, paste-type tomatoes to start with, there is always much less cooking down time.
If you did want to use the method you discovered, it would be safe. Just don’t thicken it down to tomato paste consistency. If it should get too thick, just add a bit of tomato juice to thin it a bit. Times and methods would be the same as if you were canning “regular” spaghetti sauce. — Jackie
Saturday, February 22nd, 2014
Cooking on a wood burner
I always thought I’d be able to cook on my wood burner, but I decided to give it a try and the top of the stove only gets about 130 to 150 degrees. I have the damper full open yet this is as hot as it gets. I read that food isn’t safe at this temperature for more than two hours, so even if the food eventually cooked, it would be full of bacteria. Is there anything you can suggest to help me? I’d be so grateful!
Does your wood burner have a cabinet around it? Some do, for instance the Ashley cabinet model that was very popular in the ’70s and ’80s. These never do get as hot as a wood stove that is simply an enclosed “box” of cast iron or sheet steel. The top of any wood burner is hottest when the damper is nearly closed, not open, as the majority of heat goes right up the stovepipe when the damper is open. Also, the type of wood has to do with how hot the stove top gets. Dry, seasoned hardwood or pine will burn hottest with green or unseasoned wood burning sometimes barely at all. I’ve cooked on several wood stoves from my ever-present kitchen ranges to the living room wood burner. But all of ours have been cabinet-free.
Temperatures from 140 to 150 degrees are the recommended internal temperatures for medium rare steaks and other slow cooked foods done in slow cookers such as crock pots. So I don’t think bacteria would be a big issue. But, personally, I would like to see you simmering your foods at about 180 to 205 degrees F, just to be safest.
If you do have a cabinet-type wood burner, many have a lift off top so you can more easily use it to cook on. Or there is a hinged door on top for this purpose. When the pot of food is on the iron stovetop, there should not be a problem getting the food plenty hot. I do it all the time. — Jackie
Butchering older roosters
We have numerous chickens, along with now, 4 roosters. One came from a friend, the others came from a batch of 9 chickens we bought — there were FOUR in there! Anyway, the newest 3 are Buff-Orpingtons — and big and beautiful. But, they’re starting to realize they’re bigger, and are beginning to fight with the original rooster. I don’t want them to kill each other, but I also don’t want to just give them away. They’re over a year old, so are they too old to butcher? Will they be too tough? They are fed very little feed each day, and for the most part, are free-range. What would you do with them?
No, your roosters aren’t too old to butcher; I’ve butchered roosters that were quite a bit older than that. However, if you just cook them, they’ll probably be a bit tough. So, instead, why not can the meat? You can make broth and then can both the broth and broth with meat. Out of each rooster, you’ll get many jars of tasty, tender meat. That’s a pretty much win-win solution. — Jackie
Saturday, February 15th, 2014
Is this recipe safe to “oven bake” to seal? Would this be good for storage?
2 cups instant mashed potatoes
1¾ cups powdered milk
2 Tbsp. instant chicken or veg bouillon granules
1½ tsp. seasoning salt
2 tsp. dried onion flakes
1 tsp. dried parsley
½ tsp. garlic powder
¼ tsp. white pepper
¼ tsp. dried thyme
In a medium bowl mix dry ingredients well and pour into a 1 quart jar. Seal and attach ring. Place ½ cup of soup mix in a bowl. To prepare add 1 cup boiling water and stir to smooth. Season with salt and pepper to taste.
Boy, Judith, I’d wonder about the bouillon granules becoming rancid after a time. Otherwise, it should “oven can” pretty well. You might try a couple of pint jars to see how it does. — Jackie
I was gifted 8 pounds of pecans and walnuts and decided to can them per your instructions. For some mindless reason I used quart jars instead of the pint jars recommended. I pressured them for the 10 minutes called for at 5 pounds of pressure. Will they be okay and how long can I expect them to last? And why is it that you want to only use pint or half-pint jars? Also what should the head space be? In your canning book you recommend leaving 1 inch of head space while in some of your back articles I see 1/2 inch head space. Thanks so very much for taking time to answer these questions. I am learning so very much from you and being retired … it is really helping out a lot!
I’m so glad to be of help, Lettie. Your nuts will be fine and can be expected to stay good for years. I’m still using the pecans I canned while living in New Mexico 15 years ago. The reason you use pint and half-pint jars is that once you open a quart, it is then prone to getting rancid, just like fresh nutmeats. With a pint or half-pint, you usually use the nuts up soon enough before they go bad.
The headspace really doesn’t matter although I use 1 inch to make absolutely sure none are touching the underside of the lids which could possibly cause a chemical reaction, darkening the lids. (The nuts would still be okay.) At the price of nuts today, getting 8 pounds gifted to you is really great! Enjoy them. — Jackie
Friday, February 14th, 2014
I have an old bread making bucket that I found at a yard sale. It’s has some rust but is in good shape. Can you share with me how to clean it so it would be safe to use?
Lebanon, New Hampshire
I’d just wash it out well with hot, soapy water and scrub the rust spots with a steel wool pad. Rinse well and you’re all set to go. You got quite a find! — Jackie
Transporting canned goods
I am moving from 2500 ft. in the Sierra Nevada mountains to Idaho via interstate 80 over a pass of 8000 feet. I have many canned jars of food to transport. Will the high elevation blow the lids? Many do not have the rings on them. Would the rings protect the seals more?
I’ve moved several times from low altitude to high and the other way around and have had no problems with my canning jars losing their seals. No, adding rings won’t do anything to prevent jars from coming unsealed but it would keep the mess contained if this would possibly happen. I would make sure to pack the jars well so they don’t jiggle or bounce around as this could cause seals to fail. — Jackie
Monday, January 27th, 2014
I made butter and had a lot of rich buttermilk leftover. I poured very hot water into the churn and the solids separated from the rest which was clear water. I collected the solids in cheesecloth and hung it on the back porch for a month. It grew a mold but was very good cheese. What kind of cheese did I make?
Boy you’ve got me, Bob. I’ve made a lot of different cheeses but never have I made cheese out of fresh, uncultured buttermilk. Any readers out there have an answer for us? — Jackie
How do you can turkey gravy?
Sorry, but gravy is one thing you shouldn’t home can as it can get too thick to be safe for home processing. How about canning turkey broth then making your gravy from that? If you add some of the pan scrapings from the bottom of your roaster to the broth, you’ll have a rich-tasting broth for gravy making. — Jackie
Discouragement in homesteading
I was wondering if you or someone else at Backwoods Home Magazine could do an article or even a regular column where homesteaders share some of their discouraging moments and how they managed to triumph or simply push their way through them?
A quick background on me and my reason for asking…
My family is from the deep South, I grew up in the corn belt Southeast of Chicago, and now live in Pitt, MN (between Baudette & Warroad). I married a 3rd generation + local. It is a second marriage for both us. We’ve been homesteading on his 160 acres (referred to as the Old Paxon Place) for 8 years. I have often referred to your articles for advice.
I’m also learning much from the locals about the culture and fortitude of the Norwegians, Swedes, Germans , etc. that settled in these parts. It’s fertile ground for potential homesteading knowledge, but often it is mockery, discouragement, disdain, & disgust shown to those of us who desire this way of life now.
Perhaps the locals have struggled too much, too long, too recently in history? Perhaps they remember all too well only the pain & negatives of a homesteading lifestyle… They say they “simply” want “better & more” for their kids. It even seems the pervasive “throw it away”, materialism, and “money is everything” attitudes are as strong or stronger here than in any big city. Hence, as a persistent homesteader, I get “hungry” not for good, wholesome food- but rather, encouragement, homesteading knowledge, & mentor-type friendships. Again, I’m grateful for your articles and blog.
When I look out my kitchen window at the remains of the “Old Paxon Place”, I have often wondered about the obstacles that the Paxon family faced: the extreme cold, the mosquitoes and biting flies, the brief gardening season, the wildlife predators, the remote location… We have faced those, too. And after 8 years of work & pondering, I now feel qualified to answer when asked, “What’s the biggest obstacle for a modern day homesteader”? It’s Discouragement. And while I will never know for sure, I will always wonder what part Discouragement played in the Paxons abandoning this homestead here and moving to Washington.
Thanks Jackie for your part in encouraging modern homesteaders!
This constant facing of nay-sayers can be discouraging to homesteaders. It’s a thing that homesteaders from small towns to remote locations face constantly. After all, most modern people just don’t “get” homesteading and equate “success” with money. It’s too bad. Maybe that’s why today we talk about self-reliant living. When your mood depends on how others around you regard your lifestyle, you’re not being self-reliant no matter how much of your own food you grow, etc. We need to feel our joy in our day-to-day accomplishments, the nature around us, and in ourselves and families. It does help to find some like-minded folks in your area. (There ARE some!) We host a few potlucks at our place for local homesteaders to come talk, and share tips and seeds. Each time it grows larger and we all become networked. You might try it yourself. One thing I’ve learned is not to talk homesteding to neighbors who are not interested. You always end up shot down.
Of COURSE discouragement killed many homesteader’s dreams in the old days. Simple starving out was a huge factor. No money, no food, no market for crops produced. It was a tough time. Very few today really understand what our ancestors faced. It makes us, today, seem like wimps!
What about it readers? How about answering Shae’s question from your own experience? — Jackie
Monday, January 6th, 2014
Dilled green beans
I have canned dilled green beans for many years. I use the right vinegar, and good quality spices. They look and taste good, but the beans are shriveled and soft. I also can them the correct length of time. What can I do to get crisper beans? (Type of beans, canning process, when picked.)
First off, pickle only very fresh beans. I pick them and pickle them the same day. Always use slightly immature beans, ones with the seeds small and not bumpy. Trim both ends then place into jars. Make brine and bring it to a boil. Ladle hot brine over beans leaving 1/2 inch of headspace. Process for 5 minutes in a boiling water bath canner. If you live at an altitude above 1,000 feet, adjust your processing time to suit your altitude if necessary. They will be crispy and tasty. — Jackie
So I gave canning butter a shot… I followed the instructions in your book but after about an hour of shaking every five minutes I fell asleep. Well, it set up, still slightly separated maybe half inch of liquid on the bottom. I don’t care how it looks, but would you still use it? I love the canning book and bought your new recipe book for my own Christmas present; the lasagna was excellent.
Ramseur, North Carolina
The butter is still fine, Challis. It is just the buttermilk left in the butter after being churned. Your butter will still taste and keep like normal. I’m real glad you like the canning and cookbook. It always makes me feel good when I hear that! — Jackie
Monday, December 30th, 2013
One thing about cold weather is that you get caught up on a lot of stuff in the house (not that our house could use some cleaning and straightening up). And in between times, I’ve been making extra bread, rolls, and other baked goods. It seems that when it gets cold our primal instincts force us to make lots of food! Or it’s just a good excuse…
I picked up a couple of on-sale 5-pound bags of flour before Christmas and opened one to make some bread. Did you know that nearly all commercial flour now contains malted barley flour? I’ve become a label reader because it seems like every company is getting sneaky about what they put into our food. The first bag I noticed was Gold Medal unbleached. Then it was the whole wheat. Even Dakota Maid was guilty! Talk about depressing. I guess it’s because barley is cheaper than wheat.
Then there’s the seed catalogs. Did any of you notice the price of seeds and plants in a lot of catalogs this year? The worst were Burpee and Henry Field, who offered a seedless grape vine for an “on sale” price of $97.99. One Vine! Wow, I guess I won’t be buying! Luckily, many others like Baker Creek, Pinetree, and Fedco are still fair on their pricing.
With it being so cold, Spencer doesn’t go out and help with chores and Hondo jumps up on the hay bales in between pens to keep his bum and paws warm. Smart dogs!
Will and I also want to wish each and every one of you Happy New Year!– Jackie
Thursday, December 26th, 2013
This year it was just Will, David, and me for Christmas, but it was still great. Very quiet and laid back. We slept in, then enjoyed watching each other open a few packages under the tree. Well, kind of under the tree. Because of very active Hondo, who likes to crash around, be naughty by chewing things, and generally act wild, we not only put our tree up on top of a sturdy coffee table but put the presents on the antique vanity that Will is turning into a bathroom vanity. Just in case. It turned out that Hondo did NOT bother the tree one bit! Wow, were we shocked and surprised.
The highlight of the morning was when Will opened several packages from some of the “girls” who had come to our seminar two years in a row. Now when they gifted me with a beautiful Nutrimill grain grinder (complete with a bagging attachment!), Will jokingly put on a pout and said “Gee, why does JACKIE get all the toys?” Now the girls couldn’t let that one go by. So they got together and each sent Will a Christmas box with a toy tractor in it! So now the boy’s got his very own toys. How funny that was, watching him open those boxes!
Today, it’s business as usual. Will is starting to poly the new bathroom vanity-to-be after removing the old varnish. He started out using a regular varnish/paint stripper but ended up using carburetor cleaner instead! (On the can it says not to get it on varnish or paint, so he gave it a try in an inconspicuous spot.) It worked much better than the stripper! I can’t wait to see how it turns out.
Now if I can just zip my jeans after eating all that food on Christmas: ham, deviled eggs, baked squash, carrots, rolls, and scalloped potatoes, with pumpkin (really Hopi Pale Grey squash!) pie, apple pie, and Will’s cheesecake for dessert. Then there was fudge and cookies, too. — Jackie